The surgical robot in the Neuralink’s project was designed by Elon Musk’s Neuralink and done by US design company Woke Studios.

The Neuralink’s brain-machine interface consists of a tiny chip implanted in the skull. The chip is about the size of a coin and can read and write brain activity through a self-designed robot.

In the live demo on August 28, Elon Musk claimed that Neuralink has also developed a precision robot to surgically install the chip underneath the skull and insert six threads containing 192 electrodes per minute.

Startup Woke Studios has revealed more details about the surgical machine.

The robot is nearly 5 meter tall and can move along five axes. This size and range of motion are necessary to guide the needle for precise insertion.
The head holds and guides the needle that inserts the chip.
The head also holds cameras and sensors focused on the brain to locate the surgical area, as well as to help experts take care of the whole process remotely.
The needle contains a laser emitting device for surgery.
The robot is designed to plant the chip and wires while avoiding damage to the brain or blood vessels. Musk says that the process takes hours, and leaves only a small scar.
The body is attached to the base, which provides weighted support for the whole structure and holds the processing power to operate the entire machine.

Neuralink, a neural tech startup Musk co-founded in 2016, has been working on a “brain-machine interface” consisting of a tiny chip implanted in the skull that can help fight blindness, memory loss, insomnia, and other medical conditions.

However, he realized that the project could do more than that. Musk says the chip will enable a “symbiosis” between the human brain and AI, and humans one day can upload and download information directly like computers thanks to Artificial Intelligence.

The Neuralink implant has been tested on pigs and has shown positive results. Initially, a group of three pigs Joyce, Dorothy and Gertrude is expected to given an implant. However, Joyce has no implant. Dorothy previously had a chip inserted into its brain, but had since been removed. It showed that the procedure is reversible without any serious side-effects, and they could remove it if you change your mind or want to “upgrade”.

Attendees got to see and hear “real-time signals” from Gertrude, which was configured to detect “spikes” of neural activity in her snout so that the screen lit up and sounds played as she sniffed food around her pen. Musk also showed a video one of the pigs on a treadmill where the company tried to predict the position of the pig’s limbs by sensing its brain activity, which it claimed it did almost perfectly.

Musk hopes that in the future, humans with brain electrodes will be able to control phones or computers with their mind. The technology that connects machine to human brain can help people with specific, severe health conditions, such as paralysis or brain damage, and even allow humans keep up with AI by supplementing our brainpower.

Source: VnExpress

Related posts: